The first draft of the World Bank sponsored corruption study comes out pointing fingers at petty corruption in various government institutions, while playing down the impact of grand corruption.
The power, tax, investment and transport sectors have been identified as having the highest level of corruption, according to a draft finding by a study under the Federal Ethics & Anti-Corruption Commission (FEACC).
Employees of the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo) have been identified by the study as being frontrunners in asking for unofficial payments, with an average of 10 bribe requests for a single respondent in the study. The EEPCo is also the organisation with the highest average number of foreign companies seeking its services.
Traffic police, on the other hand, have asked more of the respondents for bribes than any of the entities surveyed, according to the report.
The draft report, which included the responses of 350 foreign investors, took two and half months to produce. The final report is expected to be released a month after the World Bank approves its finalisation according to the guidelines.
“Around 16.6pc of the respondents reported a total count of 370 requests with an average of six bribe demands per respondent,” said the draft study released on Thursday, January 25, 2014, at the Hilton Hotel, under the title “Perception of the Level of Corruption by Foreign Investors in Ethiopia”.
Six percent of the respondents also reported that employees of the Ethiopian Revenues & Customs Authority (ERCA) had asked them for money- a total count of 54 times for customs licenses and 49 times for tax inspection.
The findings of the draft study, nevertheless, indicated that grand corruption is not a threat to Ethiopia, as none of the respondents reported confronting it.
“Petty corruptions exist in almost every office,” said Ameha Diana, director general of Selam Development Consultants Plc, which conducted the survey. “With only some institutions standing out in level of corruption, Ethiopia is freer than several other countries as far as corruption is concerned.”
Judges and court officials, employees of standards and safety offices, those in the water and sewerage agency and the state telecommunications company, ethio telecom, have also been identified as asking for bribes.
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